Biggest Cities in Morocco

biggest cities in morocco

Biggest Cities in Morocco waterfront waterfront southern coastline Morocco is one of the largest countries in Africa, with an area slightly larger than California (excluding Western Sahara).

Morocco boasts many vibrant cities, but also offers tranquil and relaxed getaways. Here are a few of them:

Casablanca

Casablanca is the largest city in Morocco and its primary commercial center. Situated on the Atlantic Ocean, it was originally a trading post for Phoenicians and Romans before being protected from the sea by a breakwater that handles most of Morocco’s foreign trade.

The city is dominated by its bustling central business district (CBD), home to some of the country’s top tourist attractions. The iconic Hassan II Mosque with its 688-foot tall minaret stands as a beacon in this part of town.

Another popular attraction is the Musee de Moroccan Judaism, which documents the 2000-year history of Jewish people in Morocco and serves as the only museum of its kind in Arab world. Additionally, it hosts a film festival and various events throughout the year.

Place de Nations Unies is a vibrant plaza where locals and tourists come together. There is an array of restaurants and cafes for everyone’s enjoyment, plus there’s also a large fountain and market selling delectable coconut macaroons.

Casablanca was a hotbed of anti-French rioting during the 1940s and 1950s. Additionally, it hosted the Anfa Conference, an international military summit that took place in 1943 with discussions between Prime Minister Winston Churchill and President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

The climate in Santiago is moderated by the Canary Current, which flows off Africa’s shore. Temperatures can drop as low as -2 degrees C in winter and reach up to 42 degrees Celsius during summer days.

Casablanca’s urban planning has been heavily influenced by French colonial heritage, with large boulevards featuring Mauresque architecture. This style of architectural design incorporates Moorish and European Art Deco influences.

Casablanca, Morocco’s economic hub, boasts a diverse and multi-cultural population. Most residents are Muslims but an increasing number of Jews have relocated there in recent decades.

Agadir

Agadir, Morocco’s largest city and most popular seaside resort, attracts many tourists with its mild winter climate, stunning beaches, and vibrant nightlife.

The city centre of Agadir is a maze of streets with many sterile concrete buildings, but there are some highlights to be found. One such landmark is the Grand Mosquee d’Agadir which stands out for its modernist design and active mosque status – with five times a day call to prayer being heard outside. Even if you’re not Muslim, this stunning example of Moroccan architecture should not be missed!

For an insightful view into Morocco’s culture and history, visitors can visit the Royal Palace and Museum of Amazigh Culture. Both locations provide fascinating glimpses into these landmarks.

Another popular attraction in Agadir is the stunning hammam, a traditional spa offering treatments from head to toe. It’s the ideal spot for unwinding after a long day and to prepare yourself for exploring all that Agadir has to offer.

Agadir’s north and south coastlines feature miles of white sand beaches, many protected by towering mountain cliffs. These beaches are perfect for swimming and sunbathing with soft sand beneath your toes and clean, crystal-clear waters.

southern coastline

Agadir’s southern coastline is shaped by the Atlas mountain range, which slopes down towards the Atlantic coast. Here you’ll find stunning cliffs and rocky outcrops that shelter both small coves and long stretches of beach. The waters here are particularly clean, while you’ll also find plenty of traders selling drinks, Moroccan sweets and souvenirs.

For the more daring, why not try paddleboarding? This exciting activity offers stunning views of this area’s beaches. If you’re new to this sport, lessons are available before taking a ride.

Finally, if you’re searching for an unforgettable experience that will create memories to last a lifetime, don’t miss out on a hot air balloon ride! It is truly magical and worth booking your flight in advance to take in all that nature has to offer.

Essaouira

If you’ve watched any of HBO’s hit series such as Game of Thrones or Gladiator, chances are that some scenes were set in Essaouira. This white-painted coastal city is a UNESCO world heritage site and has been featured in other films like Kingdom of Heaven, Lawrence of Arabia, or Alexander.

This port town was once home to the powerful Portuguese and still retains some of its old-world charm. The winding streets of its medina are lined with traditional souks and city gates, while Mulay El-Hassan Square serves as a hub for restaurants, hotels, and markets alike.

Surfers and kite surfers love this windy coastline. In wintertime, you’ll see plenty of people out in the water catching waves when the swell is larger.

Biggest Cities in Morocco You’ll also come across plenty of open-air eateries in the area, offering up fresh seafood and fish dishes. For your picks, head towards either Port Moulay Hassan or Plaza Moulay Hassan for an array of dishes that can be grilled right at your table.

Another popular activity in Essaouira is walking the beach. Although it may not be ideal for sunbathing, this broad stretch of shore is perfect for taking long walks, chatting with locals, and watching kite surfers at play.

waterfront

As you stroll along the waterfront of this historic city, be sure to keep an eye out for the many mosques. Although they are strictly off limits to non-Muslims, you can admire them from afar.

In the medina, there are plenty of traditional Moroccan souks to explore. These stalls are vibrant with colors and scents, providing an engaging opportunity to learn about Moroccan culture.

Biggest Cities in Morocco After you finish shopping, don’t forget to explore Essaouira’s many art galleries.

Essaouira boasts an exciting history and vibrant culture, so there’s plenty to see and do here. We recommend spending at least three or four days here – you’ll love spending time in this stunning city, and don’t forget to stay at one of the many amazing hotels that dot its streets!

Marrakech

Marrakech, also known as ‘Red City’, is Morocco’s largest city and one of its most sought-after tourist destinations. This bustling yet captivating metropolis has captured the hearts and imaginations of countless travellers around the world.

Marrakech’s oldest area, known as the medina, was declared a World Heritage Site in 1985 and remains car-free today.

As a major trade center, the medina boasts numerous souks. Here, you’ll find everything from spices and handicrafts to clothes and carpets. Don’t miss the weavers’ souk where artisanal artisans work on large looms creating vibrant scarves, robes and bedspreads.

Biggest Cities in Morocco Another striking sight is Koutoubia Mosque, a dramatic domed mosque that serves as the center of Islamic learning in Marrakech. Its ornate arches can be seen from outside, yet only those practicing Islam may enter.

Marrakech, Morocco has a diverse population with Islam as the predominant religion and Jewish and Christian influences evident. This can be seen in the kasbah, which once housed both groups alongside each other.

Marrakech’s history is deeply intertwined with that of Berber tribes. Established around 1070, numerous battles had taken place throughout its centuries-long existence. Eventually, Almohads took control of Marrakech and destroyed most of its old religious structures to build a brand-new mosque called Koutoubia.

Today, the Almohads have been replaced by a new dynasty: the Saadians. Established in the 16th century, these Saadians are responsible for much of Marrakech’s modernisation today.

Marrakech’s modern areas offer a distinct contrast to its ancient roots. You’ll still find mosques and other Islamic structures here, but they are now surrounded by more contemporary European-style hotels, restaurants and shops.

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